The Retrieve an Introduction

How to Train Your Bracco: The Retrieve an Introduction

The retrieve an introduction’

You will hear of all types of retrieves – memory, seen, blind/unseen, split, double and various other descriptions you will also hear of lots of different commands – Mark, Fetch Hi-lost. And as with all training there is no right or wrong way, its what works for you.  (so long as you are consistent, remember one command, not three if the first does not work)

For now we wont worry too much about structure.

Like all our training we like to start from day 1 and make it fun. We always use dummies and start baby puppies on those small keyring dummies and gradually use bigger and bigger ones as the puppy grows in size and confidence. Like the recall we sit on the kitchen floor, playing with the dummy letting the puppy/dog smell and gently nudge/mouth it, when puppy/dog is really interested we throw the dummy a sort distance and let the puppy run in and just as with the recall we call puppy back into our arms (tapping your chest etc). Now this is where people slip up and cause themselves a big headache moving forward, NEVER take the dummy from the puppy straight away. Make a big fuss of the dog, make it about him not the dummy, lots of praise and cuddles then say ‘give’ or ’dead’ and gently take the dummy from puppy and then repeat the exercise. Do this 3 or 4 times then call it a day.

You can repeat this exercise a couple of times a day, but don’t let the puppy, or dog get bored. If you take the dummy as soon as the puppy, or dog returns, you run the risk of the puppy/dog either spitting the dummy at you or running around and not returning with it – think about it from the dogs prospective, he goes and gets dummy and you snatch it away when he returns, so he might as well just dump it on you or at your feet or not bother bringing it back at all because you are going to take it away from him anyway.

As the dogs confidence grows you can throw the dummy further and if all is going well you can start introducing some structure. (you are already teaching the sit and stay commands?). Tell puppy/dog to sit/stay and gently hold his collar, as you throw the dummy, once the dummy hits the floor wait a second or two before sending using the command fetch.

Again when the dog returns give lots of praise before removing the dummy. And that is the basis of a seen retrieve, of course there is more to this retrieving lark and we will cover that in the next lesson. But for now lets just get the dog retrieving.

Good luck and happy training.


Cementing the Basics

How to Train Your Bracco: Cementing the Basics

Cementing the Basics

So are you ready to move on?

Good question…..Before we move on to more, sometimes seemingly more exciting training activities; hunting, retrieving, pointing etc, we do want to stop and encourage you to cement the basics.  Or, if you feel you have done this already, remind you that going back to basics is something that is extremely important with your ongoing training.

You might often hear in  the HPR Gundog world ‘They are never fully trained’ and ‘you don’t walk a gundog, it is an opportunity for training’, which are both very true, even if you want a well behaved pet who is a joy to be around and you can take with you anywhere, returning to the basics is a necessity.

So often you will hear of a dog and trainer moving on to a more difficult or challenging part of their training and the wheels fall off.  This is because you have probably gone too far, or too fast and this is why we must go back to move forwards, or to remind the dog of what was once learned, so please do not worry if you have nailed a certain element to your training, only to have to go back to it at a later date.

If we are ready….. Then let’s move on to The retrieve an introduction’

Good luck and happy training.


Recall

How to Train Your Bracco: Recall

The Recall – alongside the stop is one of the most important commands you can teach, and a good recall will also help you If you want to progress your training to retrieving as it will help deliver a good retrieve to hand.

This is another exercise we teach from day one sitting on the floor in the kitchen and you can start the recall whistle very early on, when the puppy, or dog is playing we do a few toots on the whistle and tap our chest, the whistle gets the dogs attention and by tapping your chest the puppy will be looking up at you (eye contact), the dog should then come running at you and will jump on you and into your arms, where you reward with a cuddle.

(We would recommend using a whistle especially as distance builds up but of course you could swap the whistle out for a command ‘Come’ or Here’. An Acme 210.5 or 211.5 whistle is about £6-7, it doesn’t matter what number you purchase so long as you stick with the same one if you lose it in the future.)

The important thing to learn with all training is choose a command, or, several commands for each action and stick with it, repeating it over and over if necessary.  So, for a recall, maybe you choose 3 pips of the whistle, or 5, or, ‘come,’ or ‘here’, it doesn’t matter, you could choose ‘banana’ if you wanted too.  If you are training a dog that lives with more people, then make sure everyone else knows all the words, or commands for training too and uses them as well.  All too often you hear someone asking their dog to perform a task, each time it fails the command changes, with numerous commands being used, training is all about consistency and fairness. 

As the dog grows you can go from sitting on the floor to kneeling, but the process is still the same, tapping your chest and allowing the puppy/dog to jump into your arms. When they are confidently coming to you, you can start introducing some structure, this is where we introduce the tennis ball.

We use the tennis ball as a target and a reward, it is highly visible especially at a distance, but it’s your ball, not the dogs.

To start the recall, have the dog on a long lead (I always use a 5ft lead) with your dog sat a lead length in front of you (you are in control of the dog),

Face the dog with the ball in the palm of your hand facing towards the dog and held out.  Call the dog to you (using your chosen command, or the pip of your whistle) at the same time bring the ball towards your body and tight into your groin area.            

When the dog touches the ball reward him with it, I usually toss it in the air and say yes good dog. (remember to keep hold of the lead in the early stages).

With the lead still in your hand back away from the dog and again bring him towards you using the tennis ball as a target, if he touches the ball when it’s in your groin area reward him with it, if he doesn’t then back of a bit and repeat the recall, he will quickly get the idea of touching the ball.

As the dog progresses you can sit the dog further away (off lead) and recall him to you, gradually build in the distance, but don’t make the distance any further than you feel you can control the dog.

As the dog get older you can start to replace the ball and praise just with praise. They dog should do things because it wants to please not for what it can get.

The recall is a lengthy process and will need constant proofing, just because you have success in one area, does not mean your will somewhere new.  Do not be frustrated if the recall fails you need to go back to basics and rebuild again and start from scratch each time you change location.  If you are good in the garden, start from the beginning in the street, good in the street, start from the beginning in the park, or field.  Good in the field or park, start from the beginning using a distraction, maybe a friend’s dog, or something you can initially control.

Good luck and happy training.


Walking to Heel

How to Train Your Bracco: Walking to Heel

Slip leads, flat collars, half choke leads, choke leads, figure of 8, harness….there are so many options of various leads, collars and other tools when it comes to helping you achieve a good walk to heel …. We are sorry to tell you that the lead and collar you choose in itself is, in some parts irrelevant to achieving a good and consistent heel. A good heel, like so many other parts of any good dog work is going to take some time and I
am afraid there is no quick fix

Ideally teaching a good heel starts with your young puppy, this is certainly a lot easier, however can still be achieved with an older dog, it just might take a little while longer.

Patience, consistency and commitment with all dogs is key to good training. To start I would recommend a flat collar, or half choke collar with a flat, comfortable to hold flat lead.

If you wish to use treats, then this can be a great way to help incentivise a good heel especially with a young puppy, or food motivated dog and can always be phased out and removed at a later date.

To start, have the dog, or puppy on the side you are wanting them to walk, those who may wish to work their dog under a gun, normally choose the opposite side to the side they would hold their gun or, maybe if you are left handed you would have the dog on the right side and vice versa.
Sit the dog with his shoulder level with your knee, facing the way you want them to go. Lead in the opposite hand, so if dog on left, the lead should be in right hand.

To help with later training try and move off using the leg closest to the dog, in the future using the other leg might be a signal for you to leave the dog at Sit/Stay (but this is another episode :-)). Moving off with the closest leg to the dog, give a slight tug on the lead and the ‘heel’ command. If you are using a treat, keep the treat at nose level with your left hand if the dog is on the left, keeping the dog close to the desired position. Walk at an even, slower pace if possible. Over time you can move quicker or slower to test your heel work. After a few steps reward with the treat, increase number of steps gradually and encourage the dog to sit next to you when you stop. You can do this by raising the treat above and over the dogs head, towards his bottom and giving the dog the sit command.

Keep sessions short, so with a puppy, or inexperienced dog, just one or two minutes, building up to 5-10 minutes over time. Keep giving lots of verbal praise, (A good boy) keep repeating ‘heel’ (but only if the dog is in the right position not at any other time) verbally an maybe ruffle the dogs ears if in the desired ‘heel position.

What to do when the dog moves out of position.

If and when the dog moves out of position to start with and with a young puppy be gentle and re start the process. Remember you have a lot of time, trying this technique a few times a day (short periods of time) over a week or so should start to show results.

As the dog becomes older and perhaps is testing you once it knows the command of ‘heel’ then don’t be afraid to change direction with a sharp tug of the lead, or just stop and wait for the dog to stop, returning it back to the desired position.

If the dog becomes older and or more challenging over time, then increase the sharpness of the tug and repeat as necessary until the dog realises the only way they get to their destination is if they heel.

Dependant on the dog, this may take some weeks, or months but if you maintain a consistent approach, be gentle and patient, firm but fair, you will have a great dog that is a joy to walk at heel and on any lead, or, collar combination you so choose.

Good luck and happy training.